1. The Stoic School, also called the Portico, the Porch, founded and led by Zeno of Citium. You belong to this school when the book opens.
    1. Doctrines
      1. "Fate" controls destiny of men
      2. The Gods established virtue
      3. "Virtue" is the guide of life
      4. Truth Found Through Dialectical Reasoning
    2. Associates
      1. Cleanthes, the friend you have just met in the Stoic School; honorable but hostile to Epicurus
      2. Timocrates, brother of Metrodorus, and former follower of Epicurus, who has converted to Stoicism
  2. Epicurus, the Gargettian, the Son of Neocles, founder of the the school referred to as "The Garden"
    1. Associates
      1. Metrodorus, first assistant to Epicurus
      2. Hermarchus, second assistant to Epicurus
      3. Leontium, female associate of Epicurus, disparaged as a prostitute but a philosopher herself.
      4. Hedea, referred to as an adopted daughter
      5. Polyaenus, former mathematician, now Epicurean
      6. Sofron, Student of Epicurus
    2. Doctrines
      1. See teachers as guides for path of life
      2. Holds that "virtue" is a sham - a glamorous name with no real meaning.
      3. Holds that ultimately Nature's guide to life is pleasure and pain.
      4. This world is the only reality, but it is not accessible only through "syllogisms" and "reason" as held by Aristotle, but rather, the measure of truth is (1) five senses, (2) anticipations, and (3) the sense of pain and pleasure.
  3. You: Theon, honest young student of philosophy, are sent by your father in Corinth to study Philosophy in Athens.
  4. The Academy, The School Founded by Plato a student of Socrates.. The degree to which Plato's views reflect those of Socrates is disputed.
    1. Doctrines
      1. Holds that the only true reality is that of ideal forms which exist in another dimension, and which are accessible only through "reason."
      2. Founders of "dialectic reasoning" ie - word game arguments
      3. "Virtue" is the guide to life
      4. Referred to as "the golden" by Epicurus, as Plato held men of "gold" should be philosopher-kings-dictators
      5. Epicurus refers to them as "Dreamers" in AFDIA
    2. Associates
  5. Pythagorean School
    1. Doctrines
      1. Believers in reincarnation "metempsychosis"
      2. Students may not speak
      3. Place great importance in following authority of teacher
    2. Associates
  6. School of Diogenes, the Cynic, "the Tub"
    1. Doctrines
      1. Gross Asceticism; doglike manners
      2. Epicurus accuses them of a reverse kind of pride, vanity, and ambition
    2. Associates
      1. Gryphus, who appears in story to tell Epicurus to stop teaching
  7. Eleatic School (Parmenides)
    1. Doctrines
      1. Quibbles: All is One - motion is impossible
    2. Associates
  8. The Lyceum, the School of Aristotle, the Peripatetics
    1. Doctrines
      1. Holds that reality exists in THIS dimension (not another world like Plato) but that truth is still accessible only through "reasoning" in word games ("syllogisms)- i.e., if a matter cannot be stated in the form of a syllogism then it cannot be true.
      2. Preaches "virtue"
    2. Associates
      1. Theophrastus (criticized as arrogant)