What is reading?
- Reading is self-discovery learning, as opposed to supplementary learning
- Reading is a way of getting knowledge and understanding from words by working with the mind alone
The goal of reading
- Read to be informed
- Read to improve your understanding
- Strive to use a variety of reading methods in order to understand the things described in the book
- The more you ask for a book, the more you get out of it
Levels of Reading
- Reading at the most basic level, able to read and understand every word and phrase in a book
- Question: "What is this sentence saying?"
- Systematic skimming to understand the theme, structure, and arguments of the book
- Questions: "What is the book talking about", "How is the book structured", "What parts does the book contain"
- Quality, complete reading, reading that pursues understanding
- Complex, systematic reading of many books on a particular subject
Issues to be raised
1.What exactly is this book about?
- Identify the theme and the key issues to be broken down from the theme
2What does the author say in detail and how does he say it?
- Identify the main ideas, statements, arguments
- 3. Do the arguments in this book make sense? Are they all valid, or are they partly?
4. What does this book have to do with you?
- Find out what the book has to offer you
- Learn to take notes when reading
Developing the habit of reading
- Learn to read better by following certain rules of reading, i.e. the skills taught in this book
1.Systematic skimming and rough reading
1.Read the title first, then the preface
- Understanding the subject matter and genre of the book
2.Research catalogue page
- Understanding the basic structure of the book
3.Review the accompanying index in the book
- Learn about the range of topics covered in this book
- 4.Find out about the publisher's profile
- 5.Pick a few chapters that seem relevant to the theme
- 6.Feel free to pick out passages in the book and read them
- When faced with a difficult book for the first time, read it from cover to cover and don't stop to look up or think about anything you don't understand
3. Reading speed
- Try to finish the review reading quickly
- learning to read at different speeds, depending on the content
- Review reading allows you to determine if a book is worth reading and to get a quick overview of the main points of the book.
Analytical reading rules
1. know as early as possible the category to which the book you are reading belongs
- 1. Understanding how it works
- 2. Find out how to use it
- 2. use short sentences to describe the whole book
- 3. list the key chapters in the book, explaining how they are organised in a sequential manner into a holistic structure, outlining the whole book and each part
- 4. identify the question the author is asking, or the problem the author is trying to solve
- 5. identify the keywords used and agree with the author through them
- 6. grasp the author's key ideas from important sentences
- 7. identify the author's statements and reframe them in order to understand the author's claims
- 8. identify which issues have been addressed by the author and which remain unresolved
- 9. don't criticize easily unless you have completed the outline structure and can also interpret the whole book
- 10. don't be competitive and argue to the bitter end
- 11. you need to be able to demonstrate that you can distinguish between real knowledge and personal opinion before you make a comment
- 12. demonstrate the author's lack of knowledge
- 13. proving the author's knowledge wrong
- 14. proving the author illogical
- 15. demonstrate that the author's analysis and reasoning is incomplete
- A good book should have a sense of wholeness, clarity and coherence, which is what you should look for when writing an essay
- Rules for reviewing a book