1. What is reading?
    1. Reading is self-discovery learning, as opposed to supplementary learning
    2. Reading is a way of getting knowledge and understanding from words by working with the mind alone
    3. The goal of reading
      1. Read to be informed
      2. Read to improve your understanding
    4. Active Reading
      1. Strive to use a variety of reading methods in order to understand the things described in the book
      2. The more you ask for a book, the more you get out of it
  2. Levels of Reading
    1. Basic Reading
      1. Reading at the most basic level, able to read and understand every word and phrase in a book
      2. Question: "What is this sentence saying?"
    2. Review Reading
      1. Systematic skimming to understand the theme, structure, and arguments of the book
      2. Questions: "What is the book talking about", "How is the book structured", "What parts does the book contain"
    3. Analytical Reading
      1. Quality, complete reading, reading that pursues understanding
    4. Subject reading
      1. Complex, systematic reading of many books on a particular subject
  3. Active Reading
    1. Issues to be raised
      1. 1.What exactly is this book about?
        1. Identify the theme and the key issues to be broken down from the theme
      2. 2What does the author say in detail and how does he say it?
        1. Identify the main ideas, statements, arguments
      3. 3. Do the arguments in this book make sense? Are they all valid, or are they partly?
      4. 4. What does this book have to do with you?
        1. Find out what the book has to offer you
    2. Learn to take notes when reading
    3. Developing the habit of reading
      1. Learn to read better by following certain rules of reading, i.e. the skills taught in this book
  4. Review Reading
    1. 1.Systematic skimming and rough reading
      1. 1.Read the title first, then the preface
        1. Understanding the subject matter and genre of the book
      2. 2.Research catalogue page
        1. Understanding the basic structure of the book
      3. 3.Review the accompanying index in the book
        1. Learn about the range of topics covered in this book
      4. 4.Find out about the publisher's profile
      5. 5.Pick a few chapters that seem relevant to the theme
      6. 6.Feel free to pick out passages in the book and read them
    2. 2.Rough reading
      1. When faced with a difficult book for the first time, read it from cover to cover and don't stop to look up or think about anything you don't understand
    3. 3. Reading speed
      1. Try to finish the review reading quickly
      2. learning to read at different speeds, depending on the content
    4. Review reading allows you to determine if a book is worth reading and to get a quick overview of the main points of the book.
  5. Analytical Reading
    1. Analytical reading rules
      1. 1. know as early as possible the category to which the book you are reading belongs
        1. Book Categories
          1. Practicality
          2. 1. Understanding how it works
          3. 2. Find out how to use it
          4. Theoretical
      2. 2. use short sentences to describe the whole book
      3. 3. list the key chapters in the book, explaining how they are organised in a sequential manner into a holistic structure, outlining the whole book and each part
      4. 4. identify the question the author is asking, or the problem the author is trying to solve
      5. 5. identify the keywords used and agree with the author through them
      6. 6. grasp the author's key ideas from important sentences
      7. 7. identify the author's statements and reframe them in order to understand the author's claims
      8. 8. identify which issues have been addressed by the author and which remain unresolved
      9. 9. don't criticize easily unless you have completed the outline structure and can also interpret the whole book
      10. 10. don't be competitive and argue to the bitter end
      11. 11. you need to be able to demonstrate that you can distinguish between real knowledge and personal opinion before you make a comment
      12. 12. demonstrate the author's lack of knowledge
      13. 13. proving the author's knowledge wrong
      14. 14. proving the author illogical
      15. 15. demonstrate that the author's analysis and reasoning is incomplete
      16. A good book should have a sense of wholeness, clarity and coherence, which is what you should look for when writing an essay
      17. Rules for reviewing a book